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  • Croatia

    Please find attached the country fact sheet on Croatia, October 2014 Read more

  • Georgia

    General information
    Situated in the Caucasus at a crossroads between Europe and Asia, Georgia is at once a country of transit, emigration and destination. With a population of 4.7 million, one third of the inhabitants are below the poverty line and 16 per cent are unemployed Since the fall of the Soviet Union, Georgia has experienced sustained emigration; every fifth family in Georgia depends on money transfers from abroad .
    During the recent elections (October 2012), out of 3.6 million (...) Read more

  • Germany

    General information
    It took the Germans some time to recognise the fact that their country had become a true country of immigration. Many migrants came from Turkey following the war, but no policy of integration was formulated as these were considered to be « guest » workers (Gastarbeiter), presumed to return home after a period of time, but of whom the majority remained, their families joining them later on. In the 1990s, the idea that Germany was a country of immigration gained ground (...) Read more

  • Spain

    General information
    Spain, traditionally a country of emigration, has become a country of immigration over the past 15 years. Since 1998, it has been one of the countries in Europe which has received the highest number of migrants. Owing to a period of unprecedented economic growth (due in large part to these very migrants), Spain has ceased to be a country of emigration and transit and has become a receiving country.
    As a result of its geographical situation, which makes it the (...) Read more

  • Belgium

    General information
    Immigration was officially halted in 1974 having initially been encouraged for economic reasons. Since this date, the only legal means for non-EU citizens to enter Belgian territory for periods longer than 3 months have been through asylum, family reunification and student visas. As a result of this closing of the borders, numerous migrants are ‘undocumented’ and fight for regularisation (two regularisation programmes took place in 1974 and 1999). The corollary (...) Read more

  • Malta

    Malta is a small and densely populated archipelago situated in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea. Since 1 May 2004, it forms part of the southern-most borders of the European Union.
    In Malta, immigration is a recent phenomenon triggered in part by the arrival of Iraqi refugees fleeing the first Gulf war during the 1990s. The archipelago is situated in the Mediterranean Sea between Sicily, Libya and Tunisia. It is thus situated on the path of many migrants leaving North (...) Read more

  • Greece

    General information
    Throughout the 20th century, Greece was a country of emigration, counting only around 40,000 immigrants from Pakistan, the Philippines, Egypt and Morocco. From the middle of the 1980s, and particularly following the fall of communist regimes in the Balkans and Eastern Europe in 1989, Greece became a country of immigration (according to the Καθημερινή of 6/1/1991 the number of foreigners is 500,000). Since 1990, a large number of mainly Albanian migrants (who make up (...) Read more

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